Negligence in Trucking Accidents: When and How to File a Lawsuit

Every year, thousands of individuals across the United States fall victim to the devastating consequences of trucking accidents. These collisions, often involving large commercial vehicles, can result in life-altering injuries.

They also involve significant property damage and even tragic loss of life. In the aftermath of such accidents, it’s essential to understand the concept of negligence. A critical element in determining liability.

In this article, we delve into the negligence aspect of trucking accidents. 

What is Negligence?

Negligence in trucking accidents is a foundational concept crucial to understanding liability. It refers to a breach of duty of a trucking company or its driver, resulting in harm or injury to others on the road. 

As outlined by Legal Reader, a poignant example is the case of Challenger Motor Freight, Inc. and its driver, Jose Angel Nogueras. The parties were found negligent in the tragic deaths of Jude and Zachary Attianese. 

The jury’s verdict of $96 million underscores the profound consequences of negligence. In this case, the trucking company failed to act upon the knowledge that the driver suffered from Parkinson’s disease. The company neglected necessary assessments and allowed the driver to operate while on unsafe medications, ultimately leading to the fatal accident. 

This case highlights how negligence involving a failure to uphold the duty of care results in catastrophic outcomes on the road.

How to Prove Negligence in a Truck Accident

Proving negligence in a truck accident is a complex but crucial process. To establish negligence, several key elements must be demonstrated. 

Firstly, it’s essential to show that the trucking company or driver owed a duty of care to other road users. This duty includes adhering to safety regulations, ensuring proper maintenance of the vehicle, and following traffic laws. 

Secondly, it must be proven that there was a breach of this duty. This involves actions such as speeding, distracted driving, or inadequate vehicle maintenance. 

TorHoerman law notes that a direct link between this breach and the accident must be established. It will demonstrate that negligence was a proximate cause of the collision. You will also need to account for damages incurred. This will include medical bills, lost wages, and pain and suffering, which must be documented and tied directly to the accident.

For a more comprehensive understanding of how to prove negligence in a truck accident, you can refer to the truck accident lawsuit guide. It will provide in-depth insights and guidance through the intricate legal process. 

The guide is a valuable resource for victims seeking justice and compensation for the harm they’ve suffered in trucking accidents.

When to File a Lawsuit

Knowing when to file a lawsuit after a trucking accident is crucial. However, it’s becoming an increasingly complex decision in light of recent developments in the trucking industry. 

According to Digital Journal, the past three years have witnessed a contentious lobbying campaign within the trucking sector. The laws were proposed in several states, including Texas and Florida, both of which are among the nation’s leaders in fatal truck accidents.

These proposed laws aim to raise the bar for victims seeking legal action against trucking companies involved in accidents. They seek to make it more difficult to bring such cases to court and limit the potential damages that can be awarded. 

Given this shifting legal landscape, it’s paramount for victims to consult with legal experts promptly. The timing for filing a lawsuit may become more critical than ever in securing fair compensation and navigating these evolving legal challenges.

How to File a Lawsuit

To file a lawsuit, you will need to file a complaint with the court. The complaint is a legal document that outlines your claim against the truck driver and their insurance company. It must include the following information:

  • The names of the parties involved
  • The date and location of the accident
  • A description of the accident
  • The injuries you sustained
  • The damages you have suffered

You can file a lawsuit in the state where the accident occurred. You can also file a lawsuit in the state where the truck driver or their insurance company is located.

Once you have filed the complaint, you will need to serve it on the truck driver and their insurance company. 

If the truck driver and their insurance company do not respond to the complaint, you may get a default judgment against them. This means that the court will rule in your favor without a trial.

If the truck driver and their insurance company do respond to the complaint, you may be able to negotiate a settlement. This means that you will agree to accept a certain amount of money in exchange for dropping the lawsuit.

If you cannot settle, your case may go to trial. This is a legal proceeding where a judge or jury will decide your case.

Compensation in a Truck Accident Lawsuit

Compensation sought in truck accident cases typically encompasses economic and non-economic damages. Economic damages are medical expenses and lost wages, and non-economic damages include pain and suffering. However, the landscape of compensation is not static.

For instance, according to We Are Iowa, legislative changes can impact compensation parameters. Senate File 228 in Iowa exemplifies this, aiming to cap non-economic damages at $2 million in settlements involving commercial trucking companies. This proposal’s progress through the state legislature demonstrates the evolving nature of compensation regulations in truck accident cases.

In such cases, it’s vital to be aware of the evolving legal landscape and work closely with experienced attorneys. These attorneys can navigate the intricacies of truck accident lawsuits and advocate effectively for just compensation in light of changing legislation and regulations.


Truck accidents can be catastrophic, leaving victims with physical, emotional, and financial burdens. Pursuing a lawsuit in the wake of such an incident is a complex and often essential path to seeking justice and fair compensation. Understanding the intricacies of negligence, when to file a lawsuit, and what to expect during the legal process is paramount.

Ultimately, the journey through a truck accident lawsuit demands diligence, perseverance, and the support of experienced legal counsel. While the process can be arduous, it represents an essential means for victims to secure the compensation they deserve.

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